About CARAC entral Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India. It functions as the nodal body for adoption of Indian children and is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoptions. CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993, ratified by Government of India in 2003.
CARA primarily deals with adoption of orphan, abandoned and surrendered children through its associated /recognised adoption agencies.
Fundamental Principles Governing Adoption
- The child's best interests shall be of paramount consideration, while processing any adoption placement.
- Preference shall be given to place the child in adoption with Indian citizens and with due regard to the principle of placement of the child in his own socio-cultural environment, as far as possible.
- All adoptions shall be registered on Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System and governed by Adoption Regulations, 2017.
- Confidentiality shall be maintained by the Authority and its associated Agencies.
Our StrategyFor achieving our Mission our strategy shall comprise the following:
- Enhancing the use of Information technology for making the adoption process transparent and hassle-free.
- Developing Professionalism through capacity building.
- Improving the service delivery standards.
- Developing common standards for service providers and other stakeholders.
- Facilitate and promote adoption of orphan, abandoned and surrendered Children.
- Regulate Inter-country adoptions, relative adoptions and adoptions of step children.
- Streamline adoption procedure and delivery system.
Awards & Recognition
For CARINGS, CARA got two awards, i.e. Skoch Platinum Award and Skoch Smart Governance Awards 2016 during 45th Skoch Summit on 08 - 09 Sep 2016, held in Hyderabad. Skoch Smart Governance Award is an initiative for recognising top performing government organisations and organizations working with the government. It is awarded in recognition of the best practices and models of governance for excellent and efficient implementation of programmes and services delivery.
1990Established by Women and child WelfareCentral Adoption Resource Agency (CARA) was set up in 1990 by the then Ministry of Welfare, Government of India, on the direction of the Supreme Court of India in the Case of L. K. Pandey Vs Government of India. It was registered as a legal entity under the Societies Registration Act (1860).
1999Made an Autonomous Body of Government of IndiaIt was made an Autonomous Body of Government of India under the aegis of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in 1999, with the approval of the Union Cabinet.
2003Designated as Central Authority under the Hague ConventionIt was designated as Central Authority under the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in respect of Inter-country Adoption (1993) in 2003.
15 Jan 2016 Became a Statutory BodyWith the enactment of Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act, 2015, Central Adoption Resource Agency became a Statutory Body and was designated as Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA)
2015Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act 2015Government has notified Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 and Chapter VIII of the Act, provisions for adoption of orphan, abandoned & surrendered children and also adoption of children by relative, as defined in the Act. The Act has adequate safeguards mechanisms for the children to ensure their best interest and provides for reporting of all adoptions in the country including relative adoptions. Further, all adoptions under the Act have to proceed as per the Adoption Regulations framed by Central Adoption Resource Authority and notified by Government of India.
1 August 2015On-line Adoption SystemThe Government of India has introduced the entire adoption system on-line w.e.f. 1st August 2015 in an effort to streamline adoption procedure in the country to bring more transparency in the adoption system. The Child Adoption Resource Information & Guidance System (CARINGS) is the online module accessed through cara.nic.in and applications for adoption (both in-country & inter-country) are uploaded in the system and entire data base of adoptable children and adoptive parents is captured.
2015Upgradation of CARINGS:IT Application called Child Adoption Resource Information & Guidance System (CARINGS) to streamline the adoption system in the country has further been upgraded and efforts have been made to reach all kinds of adoptions.
2016Skoch Smart Governance AwardCARA bagged two awards, i.e. Skoch Platinum Award and Skoch Smart Governance Awards 2016 during 45th Skoch Summit on 08 - 09 Sep 2016 at HICC Complex, Hitec City, Hyderabad. Skoch Smart Governance Award is an initiative for recognising top performing government organisations and organizations working with the government. It is awarded in recognition of the best practices and models of governance for excellent and efficient implementation of programmes and services delivery.
4 January 2017Adoption Regulations, 2017:The Adoption Regulations have been notified by the Government of India on 4-1-2017, effective from 16-1-2017 in exercise of the powers conferred by Clause (C) of Section 68 read with Clause (3) of Section 2 of JJ Act, 2015 and in supersession of Guidelines Governing Adoption of Children, 2015. The Adoption Regulations contain the provisions (i) in-country relative adoption (ii) inter-country relative adoption (iii) in-country adoption of OAS(orphaned, abandoned & surrendered) children (iv) step-child adoption (v) inter-country adoption of OAS(orphaned, abandoned & surrendered) children.